Aaaah, My Back

I went to the hos­pi­tal for a sched­uled pro­ce­dure on my back to help alle­vi­ate the pains a her­ni­at­ed disc had been caus­ing. So far, it seems to have helped.

So, I guess because things have been pret­ty busy at work and at home late­ly, I haven’t had much of a chance to pro­vide an update on the sit­u­a­tion with my back yet (how­ev­er, I did­n’t find some time for a very odd con­ver­sa­tion regard­ing 20th cen­tu­ry min­i­mal­ist plays…). The results of the MRI were, lit­er­al­ly, black and white obvi­ous: I have a her­ni­at­ed disc in my low­er back. The L5‑S disc, which is by the way the one just above that odd­ball sixth lum­bar ver­te­bra of mine (just a coin­ci­dence, though, as far as any­one knows). The disc has bulged out to the right enough to press against one of the major nerves for my right leg (the sci­at­ic nerve, it appears). The pres­sure on this nerve caus­es the sen­sa­tion of pain in my right ham­string, from but­tock to knee. It’s impor­tant to note, just in case you’re hop­ing to glean some sort of med­ical infor­ma­tion from this, that this pain is very hard to dis­tin­guish from an actu­al ham­string or oth­er leg issue. If your hav­ing pain in your leg, you should con­sid­er see­ing a doc­tor (I rec­om­mend a ortho­pe­dic or sports med­i­cine spe­cial­ist, per­son­al­ly) to deter­mine what the cause is. I know Angela and I were both very surprised.

While the sen­sa­tion of pain was very real, the fact that my leg has noth­ing to do with it was a very odd thing to get used to. Even after learn­ing this, I found myself instinc­tive­ly limp­ing as though it would relieve the pain or even grab­bing and mas­sag­ing my ham­string mus­cles as though it would make any dif­fer­ence. Now, after hav­ing some time to adjust to what is caus­ing it, I find myself dis­trust­ing my lying brain and spine. And I don’t mean that to be fun­ny. I have noticed myself actu­al­ly ignor­ing sen­sa­tions in my leg – writ­ing them off as fig­ments of my back sim­ply pok­ing on a nerve.

While I don’t wish to engage in a tan­gen­tial debate on the top­ic of intel­li­gent design, I feel pret­ty strong­ly that using that descrip­tion for this sec­tion of the human ner­vous sys­tem would be a stretch. As any good process engi­neer or soft­ware design­er will tell you, hav­ing such an eas­i­ly cor­rupt­ible sig­nal or feed­back path is a very big design error. You very much do not want your main mon­i­tor­ing sys­tem to be so eas­i­ly misled.

Waiting at St Marys

So, this past Thurs­day morn­ing, I went to the radi­ol­o­gy depart­ment of St. Mary’s to have a ESI, or epidur­al steroid injec­tion. This is a pret­ty sim­ple pro­ce­dure but it’s still very cool to me. I was tak­en into the flouro­scope x‑ray (sim­i­lar to this machine) room at the hos­pi­tal and laid on the mov­able table. The machine they have is bi-axi­al so they were able to have real-time imag­ing of my spine from both the side and rear angles. The doc­tor, after numb­ing the area with lido­caine (which felt like get­ting stuck with a hot pok­er in my spinal col­umn, just so you know), inject­ed a track­ing dye into the area. Once he was able to see the exact path, the steroid then replaces the dye on the nee­dle and is inject­ed along the same path­way. The doc­tor indi­cat­ed to me that it was­n’t actu­al­ly that impor­tant that he hit the exact spot, as the steroid would act over a rel­a­tive­ly wide area (rough­ly two ver­te­brae). About halfway through the pro­ce­dure though, I began to notice the sen­sa­tion of pres­sure in my right upper leg, exact­ly the same spots where pain was liv­ing the past cou­ple of months. I asked the doc­tor if he had begun inject­ing the cor­ti­sone and, sure enough, he had. As he con­tin­ued the pres­sure built up on the nerve until it felt as though my leg had swollen up like a bal­loon and could burst. But as the flu­id moved around, that feel­ing went away, thank goodness.

They kept me around for twen­ty min­utes or so just to make sure every­thing was okay. Angela came by to pick me up (they did­n’t want me dri­ving, which seems a lit­tle sil­ly) and she took me back to work. Since, the pain in my leg does seem to have sub­sided. It may be part place­bo effect, but since the pain was­n’t the result of any­thing real in my leg, what do I care where the relief comes from? Any­way, as the doc­tor indi­cat­ed, this isn’t a cure and is only to pro­vide tem­po­rary relief. I’ll have to get more shots, no doubt. Hope­ful­ly, though, this will help to push (way) back – or even alle­vi­ate all togeth­er – the need for surgery.

So, I’m going to see the sports-med doc in after a while and I’ll like­ly do some phys­i­cal ther­a­py for my back to help alle­vi­ate the pres­sure. Oth­er­wise, I just have to keep aware of the prob­lem and not do things which will com­pound it.

Oh, and the first thing on that agen­da is to get a new office chair at work.

Five Fun Things: May 18th Edition

I’m try­ing to make this a week­ly thing, but who knows how long it’ll last.

Anoth­er week flew by me and I’m not sure where it went. That’s more the norm than not I sup­pose. Here’s a few things, in no par­tic­u­lar order that have been inter­est­ing and enjoy­able this week:

  1. Get­ting to see inside me by hav­ing an MRI done. I’ve been learn­ing some about med­ical imag­ing in the past few months with baby ultra­sounds for Angela as well as x‑rays and MRIs for me. It’s all amaz­ing stuff and makes me real­ly appre­ci­ate mod­ern med­i­cine and our abil­i­ty to see what is hap­pen­ing inside us with­out ever open­ing us up. Of course, the cost for all this imag­ing is still high enough to make it as com­mon as I expect it some­day will be, so that makes me appre­ci­ate hav­ing good insurance.
  2. Hav­ing a good boss. Okay, he does­n’t read this so don’t assume it’s for his ben­e­fit or any­thing. How­ev­er, I’ve had some bad jobs before and I’ve been lucky to work for peo­ple sense col­lege that allowed me to work in my own style instead of some rigid frame­work. Work has been insane­ly hec­tic for the past cou­ple of months and that’s going to con­tin­ue for a while in the future. How­ev­er, my boss nev­er beats me up about it. He’s demand­ing, but not unrea­son­able and that’s about the best you can hope for in this kind of work.
  3. Okay, just so you don’t think this is some thanks­giv­ing list, I’ve also been lov­ing three new albums I down­loaded this week. Wilco’s Sky Blue Sky is kind of a con­tin­u­a­tion of A Ghost is Born; some quirky and soft melodies punc­tu­at­ed with some rockin’ moments. Not hav­ing lis­tened to Mod­est Mouse for all that long, I can’t say if We Were Dead Before the Ship Even Sank is much of a pro­gres­sion for that band since their last album, but I can say I like it a lot. After see­ing The Avett Broth­ers last week, I can see why my friend Chris likes them so much. Their live album on iTunes – Live, Vol. 2 – seems to cap­ture a lot of their live shows and “Pret­ty Girl From Annapo­lis” has been stuck in my head for days, now. I need to pick up their new album as well.
  4. I got on a Futu­ra­ma kick a few days ago and have been watch­ing a num­ber of episodes off of Com­e­dy Cen­tral (I only occa­sion­al­ly watched it first run in my pre-TiVo days). It’s best moments are using Fry & Co. to make com­men­tary about mod­ern life (this must have been the inspi­ra­tion for Idioc­ra­cy…). It’s most bor­ing moments to me are show­ing once again how annoy­ing Dr. Zoid­berg is or how crass Ben­der is.
  5. This week­end is the Lebanese fes­ti­val in Rich­mond. Angela went to lunch there with some of her co-work­ers, as did one of my co-work­ers, and they said it was great. Angela is going to take me to din­ner there this evening. I haven’t enjoyed it just yet, but I know I will!

Members of Congress of Foodstamps

There many Con­gres­sion­al hear­ings and inves­tiga­tive trips that are expen­sive and/or point­less. How­ev­er, this one is nei­ther, in my opin­ion: four mem­bers of Con­gress have pledged to live for one week on $21 worth of food – the aver­age amount of food stamps peo­ple on that pro­gram have to spend. Liv­ing through what all too many Amer­i­cans have to go through for food, and for more than just a pho­to op, is a les­son in both humil­i­ty and com­pas­sion that many of us would have a tough time deal­ing with. Myself includ­ed. You can read the sto­ry for your­self, and vis­it a cou­ple of the blogs regard­ing their expe­ri­ences, but I just want­ed to pub­licly thank Rep.s Jim McGov­ern (D‑Mass.), Jo Ann Emer­son (R‑Mo.), Tim Ryan (D‑Ohio), and Jan­ice Schakowsky (D‑Ill.) for shed­ding some atten­tion on Amer­i­ca’s hun­gry and poor by tak­ing on McGov­ern and Emer­son­’s “Food Stamp Challenge.”

Rare But Not Of Concern

So, the whole sixth lum­bar ver­te­bra has kind of been of inter­est to me. I did some online search­ing and found an inter­est­ing arti­cle which explains the abnor­mal­i­ty some:

[A]pproximately 10% of adults, have a con­gen­i­tal anom­aly in their low­er back. One of the most com­mon anom­alies is the pres­ence of a sixth lum­bar ver­te­bra. Hav­ing one extra lum­bar ver­te­bra pro­vides no advan­tage or dis­ad­van­tage to the indi­vid­ual and is rarely a cause of back prob­lem­s… [A]nomalies such as these in the lum­bar spine and sacral spine are sim­ply vari­ants of nor­mal bony archi­tec­ture and are typ­i­cal­ly of no con­se­quence. In oth­er words, it would be very rare for an abnor­mal­i­ty such as a sixth lum­bar ver­te­bra or extra bone in the sacrum to cause back problems.

I’ll file this under “I found it on the inter­net so there­fore it must be true.” My doc­tor indi­cat­ed that mine was­n’t of con­cern since every­thing was all aligned. I did­n’t ask what hap­pens if it isn’t as I was afraid what the answer might be.

It would also appear that the cor­rect term for this “L6” bone is Lum­bosacral tran­si­tion­al ver­te­bra.

Now this com­ment was par­tic­u­lar­ly inter­est­ing to me:

You may be inter­est­ed to find that while the homo sapi­en is char­ac­ter­ized by hav­ing five lum­bar ver­te­bra but homo erec­tus (the first of the human skele­tons found in Africa, includ­ing Lucy and aus­tralo­p­ithe­cus africanus skele­tons) typ­i­cal­ly had 6 lum­bar vertebra.

Some­thing I was at least able to par­tial­ly cor­rob­o­rate here. Now, before you decide to start pok­ing fun at me for being less evolved than you, keep in mind that mod­ern great apes have only three or four lum­bar ver­te­brae. It’s all relative.

PA Is For Pennsylvania and Pain

In this post, Jason and Angela spend Moth­er’s day in Penn­syl­va­nia with friends and Jason con­firms yet again that he can snooze in adverse conditions.

Oxford, PA

We spent more time hang­ing out and not so much time tak­ing pho­tos this week­end. How­ev­er, I did like this clock I noticed in a small town on the dri­ve through rur­al PA.

Angela and I drove up to PA over the week­end to vis­it our friends Sal­ly, Chris, and Mason, whom we had­n’t seen since the last time they came to vis­it Rich­mond. Our only oth­er trip up to see them was spent sight-see­ing around Philadel­phia, so this was a much more relaxed vis­it. By relaxed, I mean that we ran a 5k footrace on Sat­ur­day morn­ing. Rather than just any old 5k, this was a one-time event being held on a yet-to-be-opened-to-traf­fic new bridge on the Penn­syl­va­nia Turn­pike. Even bet­ter, this par­tic­u­lar bridge was designed by the com­pa­ny Chris works for, Figg Engi­neer­ing Group (of the Natchez Trace Park­way Arch Bridge, among many oth­er high-pro­file bridges). The new Susque­han­na Riv­er Bridge isn’t exact­ly Fig­g’s most spec­tac­u­lar design (this is the com­pa­ny whose mot­to is “Bridges as Art,” mind you) but it is still a large and attrac­tive struc­ture and the view for the entire race was great. Okay, it was a pret­ty sun­ny day on large riv­er so even if the view was of Three Mile Island, you could still do a lot worse.

We cel­e­brat­ed moth­er’s day by all going out to a nice Ital­ian lunch yes­ter­day. Ange­la’s 3/5 of the way to being a mom, so we fig­ured this was her first un-offi­cial hol­i­day for which she could celebrate.

For the past cou­ple of months, I’ve had a pain devel­op­ing in my right ham­string. Angela and I fig­ured it was due to some unevent­ful run­ning injury but stretch­ing and yoga did­n’t real­ly seem to be doing a lot for it. I final­ly got around to see­ing a sports med­i­cine doc­tor this morn­ing and as it turns out, it may have noth­ing to do with my leg at all. I may have some sort of spinal disc issue which is sim­ply send­ing incor­rect sig­nals of leg pain up to my brain (stu­pid ner­vous sys­tem). Any­way, I had a cou­ple of x‑ray images made this morn­ing of my low­er spine which did­n’t real­ly answer much. How­ev­er, the doc­tor did point out that I have an odd sixth bone/lower ver­te­bra at the base of my spine, at my sacrum (I’m haz­ard­ing a guess that you only have five lum­bar ver­te­brae). This appar­ent­ly is not a health con­cern, just a real­ly odd thing.

MRI Sheets

This is prob­a­bly going to take a while for the doc­tor to go through. My spine feels very well doc­u­ment­ed now.

Any­way, since the x‑rays did­n’t explain much regard­ing the soft disc tis­sue, I went for an MRI this after­noon. MRI’s take longer than an x‑ray (a lot longer, as in about 30 min­utes), if you did­n’t know. Of course, this results in about 100 images as opposed to just a cou­ple. Frankly, I could see how some­one who was claus­tro­pho­bic might get very upset at being in a sim­i­lar machine. Frankly, I did­n’t mind all that much being wrapped tight­ly in left­over parts form an jet-lin­er’s inte­ri­or for that long. It’s loud and cramped, but I end­ed up falling asleep for almost the whole thing.

I sus­pect that will remain the most expen­sive nap of my life for a long time to come.

I feel just fine oth­er than some mild pain in my leg. It’s not like I broke my wrist or have debil­i­tat­ing migraines. I came home this after­noon and mowed the lawn as well as ran a cou­ple of miles on the tread­mill (the doc­tor did ask me to lim­it run­ning to soft­er sur­faces for now). This is all just so he can get down to the bot­tom of where pain is com­ing from and then rec­om­mend what to do about it.

Five Fun Things: Week of May 10th

Here’s a list of Five Fun Things I’ve been enjoy­ing late­ly, in no sig­nif­i­cant order (oth­er than No. 1):

  1. Feel­ing our baby girl kick for the first time last Sun­day morn­ing. That was awesome.
  2. Super Paper Mario on the Wii – Not a very hard game, but loads of fun to play and very fun­ny, too.
  3. Lost – Last night’s episode was proof they haven’t ‘lost’ it. Pick­ing an end date means they’ll have a def­i­nite road map for the rest of the show to keep it great, unlike ear­li­er this year when it seemed to be flop­ping. (Watch it on ABC’s site) Heroes owes a lot to Lost, and has real­ly been build­ing up to a great sea­son finale. Both have been fill­ing the hole left in my heart when Sea­son 3 of BG ended.
  4. – All the recent news about the pos­si­bil­i­ty of los­ing Inter­net radio made me real­ize just how awe­some this site is.
  5. Freaks & Geeks from Net­flix. I wish I had caught this show when it was first aired, but I don’t think my watch­ing would have saved it for anoth­er season.

So what about any of you? Leave a com­ment or post it on your own site (be sure to ping me, track­back or just leave a link if you do!).

Taking More Pictures Again


Escape” by Jason Cole­man – I’ve recent­ly got­ten excit­ed (re-excit­ed?) about pho­tog­ra­phy and learn­ing how to take bet­ter pic­tures. Kevin has a great post and some inter­est­ing dis­cus­sion on his blog about his film vs. dig­i­tal exper­i­men­ta­tion. I think, for me, one of the key rea­son why I only want to shoot in dig­i­tal, regard­less of qual­i­ty, is the abil­i­ty to let myself make many mis­takes to learn from. Were my cam­era a film, it would sit most­ly on a shelf for fear of tak­ing bad pho­tos. I nev­er had much appre­ci­a­tion for pho­tog­ra­phy until dig­i­tal allowed me to exper­i­ment with it. I nev­er had that feel­ing with film which no mat­ter how sim­ple the cam­era, always gave me too great a dis­con­nect between action and feed­back to mean­ing­ful­ly learn anything.

2006: Year of the Post-Apocolypse

Appar­ent­ly, the Apoc­olypse came some­time before 2006 [Ed: Yes, of course. It was the day John Ker­ry lost to George Bush. Zing.]. I know this because in the first few months of 2007, I watched three of the most amaz­ing post-apoc­a­lypse films I’ve ever seen and they were all from the past year1.

V for Vendetta

The Wachows­ki broth­er’s V for Vendetta

The Wachows­ki broth­ers haven’t real­ly done much since the first Matrix film, and I’m includ­ing the lat­ter 2/3rds of the tril­o­gy in ‘not much’ (and, yes, they were above aver­age sci-fi films but not of the same cal­iber as the first). How­ev­er, last year’s V For Vendet­ta was a stun­ning polit­i­cal thriller. Sci­ence fic­tion in name only, just as most all great sci-fi is, this film warns about how the dif­fer­ence between a state gripped with fear for its secu­ri­ty and a fas­cist state is real­ly only one of time. The film’s bold­ness goes well beyond just harsh cri­tiques of mod­ern-day polit­i­cal rhetoric (though the sto­ry­line was writ­ten in the 80’s). The treat­ment of the two lead char­ac­ters: a hero who’s face we are nev­er shown and a love­ly hero­ine who has her head shaved are not com­mon Hol­ly­wood treat­ments (think: shirt­less mus­cle-men and flaw­less beau­ties, despite rather harsh cir­cum­stances that would­n’t war­rant either).

Sci­ence fic­tion is the home of the dystopia sto­ry­line and like the best of them2, this world is ter­ri­fy­ing main­ly because of it’s sim­i­lar­i­ties to our own rather than its dif­fer­ences. Also, V is a beau­ti­ful film and does­n’t beat the audi­ence over the head with either spe­cial effects or polit­i­cal state­ment. How­ev­er, both are a strong pres­ence in the film. It left me with the both feel­ings of despair and hope. Despair that peo­ple in my coun­try just might be afraid enough to let this sort of thing hap­pen but hope that most of us are smart enough to see through such the­ater. Also, hope because the sto­ry takes place in Britain and Amer­i­cans aren’t so polite about being bul­lied from the get-go.


Mike Judge’s Idioc­ra­cy

Mike Judge’s love-it-or-hate-it sto­ry does­n’t have atom­ic bomb wield­ing ter­ror­ists destroy­ing the world we know. Rather, peo­ple destroy it by tak­ing a path toward stu­pid­i­ty. We de-evolve into a race of idiots. It’s an apoc­a­lypse 500 years in the making.

I per­son­al­ly loved this film, despite the fact that I had an over­whelm­ing sense of depres­sion after watch­ing it. While I laughed at much of the straight-faced humor pre­sent­ed, it was more like the laugh of a per­son caught in a hope­less sit­u­a­tion, giv­ing up on any hope of chang­ing the future and reduced to laugh at the ridicu­lous­ness of it. Mod­ern trag­ic com­e­dy, although I thought that was sup­posed to have a hap­py end­ing (the film does, unless you live in mod­ern times…).

The design of the film was­n’t one of beau­ty. How­ev­er, that was essen­tial­ly the point. Beau­ty is gone and is replaced not with the gray despair of most dystopias. No, this is much more like the dystopia of Brave New World, where only a few peo­ple real­ize that they have much to unhap­py about. Here, in Idioc­ra­cy, we have some­thing far worse: adver­tis­ing. The mate­ri­al­is­tic ten­den­cies of much of today’s pop­u­lar cul­ture have col­lid­ed with mass adver­tis­ing such that if you can see it, it’s fair game for brand­ing. Fur­ther degra­da­tion of soci­ety comes in vir­tu­al­ly ever aspect of life: enter­tain­ment, health care, pol­i­tics, edu­ca­tion, the legal sys­tem, food, and even speech. We’ve all been in an atmos­phere things like ini­tia­tive, intel­li­gence, and car­ing were shunned. It was called High School. Imag­ine a world in which every­one behaves just like the back row of your high school alge­bra class.

Ter­ri­fy­ing. Also, genius polit­i­cal and social satire.

Children of Men

Alfon­so Cuarón’s Chil­dren of Men

Here’s a film that would have made per­fect sense and been almost as enjoy­able with­out any sound, in my opin­ion. While the sto­ry was grip­ping (based loose­ly on the nov­el writ­ten by P.D. James), it is Cuaron’s visu­al style that tells so much sto­ry. Long, incred­i­bly long, impos­si­bly long shots span min­utes of the sto­ry cre­at­ing a sense of dra­ma that is unre­al. The sense of being in the sto­ry is almost over­whelm­ing at times3. I can’t even quite describe it as doc­u­men­tary style. It’s more like being right in the scenes and not being able to close your eyes to blink for even a moment. It is intense and amaz­ing to watch.

The film is steeped with alle­go­ry, par­tic­u­lar­ly Chris­t­ian sto­ries and themes. The film opened on Christ­mas Day last year and can eas­i­ly be described as a mod­ern day tale of Joseph and Mary. How­ev­er, most peo­ple don’t cel­e­brate Christ­mas with dystopi­an tales of the pos­si­ble end of human­i­ty; result­ing in the film bomb­ing at the box office. How­ev­er, the film has gained a great deal of crit­i­cal acclaim and the DVD release might as well have been its debut, so don’t feel bad if you missed it. It’s also just as well, as you might want to watch it a cou­ple of times just to catch all those amaz­ing long-shot scenes and much of the imagery, both present and implied.

Sci­ence fic­tion is the home of the dystopi­an sto­ry. Through a fabled look at the future, we can make polit­i­cal and social com­men­tary on the present and the past. The dis­arm­ing nature of sci­ence fic­tion allows us to do so in a way that is non-threat­en­ing but also allows us to explore the “what if” sce­nario with­out aban­don. This is why I love sci­ence fic­tion so much and why the dystopi­an sto­ry­line is my favorite in the that genre. When done right, the ‘mag­ic black box device’ or ‘sin­gu­lar event that changed man’ becomes just a prop to allow the writ­ers, direc­tors, and actors to explore the human con­di­tion in a way we can’t do in the here and now. It may seem iron­ic that the genre that is the home of dis­tant worlds in oth­er galax­ies and alien life forms is the one that allows us to most close­ly exam­ine our home and what it means to be human; that look­ing off into the future gives us the per­fect mir­ror for today. How­ev­er, in the great sto­ries in sci­ence fic­tion, that is exact­ly the point.

Laser blasters, light sabers, slimy bug eyed mon­sters, and giant robots are just real­ly cool icing on the cake.

  1. We don’t get out to the cin­e­ma much these days, so we just wait until every­thing comes out on DVD and rent it via Net­flix. I could write end­less­ly on why this is bet­ter than going to the movies, but that will have to be anoth­er post. []
  2. 1984 is prob­a­bly the most famous of this genre and inci­den­tal­ly, the hero of that tale was por­trayed by John Hurt in a film adap­ta­tion. Hurt is re-cast as the total­i­tar­i­an in V, mov­ing from lit­tle man to giant head via video screen. []
  3. Unless you are Angela, who has slept through some pret­ty great films and this was no dif­fer­ent. []

United Kingdom Flag History

I had nev­er real­ly giv­en a lot of thought to the design of the “Union Jack” before. The mix of diag­o­nals and cross­es in th mod­ern flag is actu­al­ly the sum of the flags of Eng­land, Scot­land, and Ire­land, as seen here. The Union Flag also shows up in many of the coun­tries still under the Monar­chy, such as Aus­tralia and New Zealand (not to men­tion var­i­ous small­er island nations). It also is in the flags of the State of Hawai’i and was even incor­po­rat­ed into the orig­i­nal Amer­i­can flag (the Grand Union Flag), when we were still an British colony. We dropped the Union Jack in favor of a field of stars whose num­ber would be equal to the num­ber of states in the Union.Several of the Cana­di­an provinces (British Colum­bia, Man­i­to­ba, Ontario), though it is notably miss­ing in the Cana­di­an nation­al flag. This may be in part to the fact that sev­er­al oth­er provinces have flags of Scot­land or Eng­land in them, and not the Union Flag. We may not be loy­al sub­ject of HM the Queen any­more, but at least we still get a long well enough to have her over every now and then.

London Fog

You know that cliché old adage about some­one bring­ing the weath­er from where their from when they come for a vis­it? Well, the Queen of Eng­land, along with her hus­band Prince Philip, are in Rich­mond today to cel­e­brate the 400th Anniver­sary of the found­ing of Jamestown, VA. Yes­ter­day in Rich­mond was about 90° F and sun­ny. Today is over­cast and in the upper 50’s. Hon­est­ly, Your Majesty; you’re not real­ly vis­it­ing if you bring every­thing from home with you. I’m just saying.